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Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illness and for the Improvement of Mental Health CarePrinciplesPersons with disabilities;HealthUN General Assembly (UNGA)A/RES/46/1191991-12-17Adopted without a voteCanada participated in the adoption by consensus, while expressing a concern about principle 20 (see: daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/PRO/N91/620/43/PDF/N9162043.pdf?OpenElement at page 40, accessed September 24, 2015). The full statement of Canada was as follows: "Mr. Trottier (Canada) : My delegation joined in the consensus adoption of draft resolution X, entitled “The protection of persons with mental illness and the improvement of mental health care”. However, we do have a concern about Principle 20 of the annex to that resolution. Principle 20.4 of this resolution provides that the treatment of criminal offenders determined to have a mental illness shall in all circumstances be consistent with provisions regarding consent to treatment in Principle 11. While Canada is generally in compliance with Principle 20, recent amendments to our criminal code permit a court to order treatment of an accused who has been found unfit to stand trial. The rationale for this provision is twofold. It prevents detention without trial and promotes trial within a reasonable time while the evidence for a defence is still available. Court-ordered treatment is subject to very strict restrictions, and an accused may appeal a court’s compulsory treatment order. The amendments to the Canadian criminal code take great care to protect and balance the conflicting interests of the accused - not to be subject to treatment without consent, on the one hand, and not to be detained unnecessarily on the other."Document - 01 (www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/PersonsWithMentalIllness.aspx) - EnglishDocument - 02 (www.derechos.org/nizkor/ley/doc/mental2fr.html) - FrenchDocument - 03 (tinyurl.com/HRIdoc/DOC-2018-06-02-02-02-02-044.pdf) - EnglishDocument - 04 (tinyurl.com/HRIdoc/DOC-2018-06-02-02-02-02-141.pdf) - French